Why a Diabetic is Always Hungry

Living with diabetes might make you particularly hungry for the one thing that has the most impact on your blood sugar levels: food. This is one of the most difficult elements of having diabetes. specifically, sweet foods.
The term “polyphagia” refers to this condition, which is effectively “extreme hunger.” It happens frequently to diabetics.



Describe polyphagia.
The term “increased hunger,” known in medicine as polyphagia, is one of the three recognized symptoms of diabetes that all begin with the letter “p.”
There are three symptoms of polydipsia: increased thirst, increased desire to urinate, and increased appetite.
While chronic polyphagia can occur in non-diabetics as well, it is more typical in diabetics since both high and low blood sugar levels can have a substantial impact on your appetite.



Why does polyphagia occur?
As a diabetic, determining the precise cause of your polyphagia may be challenging because, despite the fact that there are not many non-diabetes related causes, there are plenty!
Diabetes-related causes of polyphagia include hyperglycemia (high blood sugar), hypoglycemia (low blood sugar), and hyperthyroidism (overactive thyroid)
We’ll then delve further into these three frequently occurring reasons for extreme hunger.



Why can excessive hunger result from hyperglycemia (high blood sugar)?
While anything above 140 mg/dL is regarded as “greater than normal,” hyperglycemia is “high blood sugar,” and the side effect of hunger begins when your blood sugar crosses that 250 mg/dL threshold. The stronger those desires will get the longer it stays around 250 mg/dL.
This source of polyphagia is particularly problematic since when you eat more, your blood sugar rises and your excessive hunger also intensifies.
Because your body needs that constant supply of glucose to function, high blood sugar levels immediately enhance your desire for food, especially sugar.
Your brain cues its hunger signal when there isn’t enough insulin to really utilise and transport that glucose to your brain and other cells throughout the body.
The vicious cycle continues because the more you consume, the higher your blood sugar level rises, and the stronger your desire for sugar grows.



Solution
Working on lowering your blood sugar levels with your medical team is the real answer in this situation.
Depending on your capacity to resist giving in to high-sugar cravings, whether you have been diagnosed with diabetes or another form of diabetes, what drugs you are already on, and what medications might assist but haven’t been tried, there are several treatment approaches to achieve this.
When your blood sugar levels are consistently over 200 mg/dL or 250 mg/dL, it can be quite difficult for many people to resist the impulse to eat. Your brain is pleading with you to feed it more.
To get your blood sugar back into a healthy level, you’ll probably need to think about a combination of insulin and other non-insulin diabetic treatments. Be quick! Although starting a new drug can be intimidating, it’s essential to controlling your appetite and avoiding long-term harm to your eyes, fingers, toes, kidneys, and anything else you can think of!
You’ll also feel better!

Why does hypoglycemia (low blood sugar) make a person feel too hungry?
If you have diabetes and take insulin or another diabetic medication that has the potential to produce low blood sugars, hypoglycemia (low blood sugar) is a relatively regular occurrence in daily life. Even though they function by reducing your blood sugar, several non-insulin drugs cannot result in low blood sugar.
Simply put, the extreme need for sugar and general hunger is your brain’s way of saying, “Hey! Help me! I need help!
The majority of the time, this sugar appetite begins when your blood sugar falls below the 80 to 70 mg/dL level.
Glucose must be delivered to your brain on a second-by-second basis for it to work. The brain is the only organ in your body that requires glucose, even if many other systems prefer it as an energy source.
When your blood sugar is rapidly dropping but is still 90 or 100 mg/dL when you check it, you may also feel a sudden hunger pang. Because of how quickly your blood sugar is plummeting, those cravings for food and sweets may still manifest.

Solution
The low blood sugar must be treated first and foremost with fast-acting carbs. However, the typical low blood sugar only requires 5 to 10 grams of carbohydrates to return to a safe level.
Some low blood sugars brought on by an excess of insulin may necessitate a hefty portion of carbohydrates.
It takes time to learn how to control your eating when your blood sugar is low. It’s simple to get into the habit of eating anything you want, and this leads to a vicious cycle that typically results in a blood sugar roller coaster, long-term weight gain, fatigue, and frustration.
To treat low blood sugar, the first step is to be ready with fast-acting carbs. Use particular meals as though they are “medicine,” and you are medicating the low with that food, as opposed to having a meal when you are low or using a low blood sugar level as a justification to eat cake.
Because they provide 3 to 4 grams of carbohydrates per gummy, don’t melt or freeze, and are convenient to store in places like my bedroom, vehicle, handbag, etc., I frequently use gummy Life-Savers as an example.
The next step is to collaborate with your medical team to change the insulin and medicine dosages that are resulting in these recurrent low blood sugar episodes. Some lows are merely freak events and a result of balancing all the variables that can affect our blood sugar. However, if you frequently experience severe lows, your insulin doses probably need to be adjusted.

Why can extreme appetite result from hyperthyroidism (overactive thyroid)?
The National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases states that hyperthyroidism, often known as an overactive thyroid, is a condition in which your thyroid gland produces considerably more thyroid hormones than it should (NIDDK).
Another name for hyperthyroidism is “Grave’s Disease.”
It’s crucial to have your thyroid levels checked once a year or if you suspect any of the normal symptoms because thyroid issues are frequent in persons with diabetes.
Your thyroid is situated on the front of your neck, and during a diabetes check-up, a doctor probably felt this area of your throat. The gland is frequently visibly enlarged when hyper- or hypothyroidism develops in a person.
Every component of your body largely depends on a balanced production of the hormones your thyroid produces, which regulate how your body uses energy.
Your heart, bones, muscles, menstruation, fertility, pregnancy safety for the mother and unborn child, your body weight, and of course, your hunger can all be impacted by hyperthyroidism.
You’ll feel hungry if your thyroid hormone production is excessive! Period. Additionally, you’ll probably notice a weight gain in the months leading up to your diagnosis as your appetite steadily grows stronger.
Solution
The first step is to get blood drawn at your doctor’s office or a phlebotomy lab to test your thyroid levels.
You’ll probably need to start taking a “anti-thyroid” prescription that helps control the synthesis of these hormones if your findings indeed indicate an overproduction of thyroid hormones.
There are several choices, and just like insulin, they must be gradually titrated with your healthcare team to determine the ideal dose for you.

Other factors other than diabetes that can cause polyphagia
There are undoubtedly other causes to take into account if none of the diabetes-related causes of excessive hunger apply to you.
Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) • Eating disorders like bulimia and anorexia • Exercise addiction • PMS • Medications like steroids and antidepressants • General anxiety • Stress • Lack of sleep • Kleine-Levin Syndrome • Prader-Willi Syndrome • Marijuana
Talk to your healthcare provider if you think any of these things may be causing your polyphagia so you can get the help you need to manage or treat these problems.