Swollen gums with braces

Swollen gums are one of the most common braces side effects, but in most cases, the inflammation that causes swollen gums can be decreased with a few dietary changes and fundamental dental hygiene techniques. To deal with the issue of swollen gums, you must first comprehend what brings about the issue in the first place. Continue reading to learn how gums react to braces in the mouth and how to lessen or maybe eliminate the swelling.

How braces and inflamed gums are related
When fixed braces are worn, cleaning the teeth becomes more difficult.
As a result, there are often more bacteria surrounding the appliances, which could change how the gingivae (gums) appear.


Even in the absence of clinical indications of gingival irritation or poor dental hygiene, gum overgrowth can happen due to tissue collecting as teeth are pushed together during orthodontic treatment. Some persons may develop recession and gum tissue loss if the gum tissue is weak and the teeth are pushed away from the supporting bone. Restoring a significantly misplaced tooth to its supporting tissue occasionally may benefit the gum tissue. According to a study, gingival recession affected up to 10-12% of patients receiving orthodontic care.

Swollen gums should not be ignored because they could be a sign of gum disease, also known as periodontal disease, which is brought on by bacteria infecting the soft tissue and leading to gingivitis (infection of the gum margins), which worsens into periodontitis (infection that extends deeper into the gum toward the surrounding bone). In addition to long-term injury to the soft tissue, an untreated gum infection can destroy the bone that supports your teeth. Your teeth become loose and finally fall out when this bone is fractured because it can no longer sufficiently support them.

The infection is typically caused by improper brushing and flossing practices, but certain people may also be less resistant to bacterial buildups, resulting in a more serious infection. When bacteria are allowed to accumulate on teeth and gums, inflammation results. Early on, your gums start to separate from your teeth, producing minuscule holes between the two structures. Your immune system battles the infection when more bacteria amass in these cracks.

For instance, your gums might seem red and inflamed. The occurrence of blood while brushing and flossing is another sign of periodontal disease. At this point in the disease, you might lose some bone, but you can get treatment to prevent further bone and gum damage.

Your teeth could become loose and your bone support could be lost if you have mild periodontal disease. The illness may cause the body to respond with inflammation. If the condition is not treated, you can experience increased bleeding, pain, bad breath, and gum recession.

Gum Inflammation Prior to Braces
Even before, during, and after orthodontic treatment, periodontal disease and inflamed gums might appear.

Orthodontists will look for signs of poor oral hygiene, including a plaque buildup, before placing braces. If a patient doesn’t take appropriate care of their teeth before having braces, it’s possible that the situation will only get worse once the braces are applied. Your orthodontist will look for signs of gum sensitivity, edema, recession, and tooth movement at the first appointment. An X-ray is taken to look for any signs of bone loss.

In the event that a patient has periodontal disease, they will either be referred back to their regular dentist for care or, in the event that more specialized treatment is required, to a periodontist. Your orthodontist will insist that your gums be in the best possible health prior to starting orthodontic treatment. Any gum problem might get worse if the gums are inflamed when teeth are shifted by braces in the gums.

It’s important to remain going to your dentist and periodontist for regular checkups if you want to monitor the health of your gums while receiving orthodontic treatment.

What causes swollen gums?
Swollen gums can be brought on by a number of situations, including gingivitis, pregnancy, starvation, and several infections.
Gingivitis is the most frequent cause of swollen gums. Gum disease will cause your gums to itch and swell.
Many people do not know they have gingivitis because the signs and symptoms can be quite mild. However, if gingivitis is left untreated, it can eventually progress to periodontitis, a far more serious condition, and even cause tooth loss.
The most common way that poor dental care causes gingivitis is by allowing plaque to build up on the gums and teeth. A film of germs and food particles known as plaque accumulates on teeth over time. If plaque is left on the teeth for an extended period of time, tartar can form.
Tartar that has formed from plaque cannot be removed alone by brushing and flossing. If this occurs, you should see a dentist right away since tartar buildup can result in gingivitis.
Swollen gums may also result during pregnancy. During pregnancy, your body may produce more hormones, which could lead to an increase in gum blood flow. This increase in blood flow may make your gums more prone to irritation, which can cause swelling.
These hormonal changes can also impair your body’s capacity to fight off the bacteria that typically causes gum infections. This can increase your risk of developing gingivitis.
Gum swelling can be brought on by vitamin deficits, notably those in vitamins B and C.
For example, vitamin C is essential for protecting and healing your gums and teeth. If your vitamin C levels fall too low, you could develop scurvy. Scurvy can lead to gum disease and anemia.
In industrialized nations, malnutrition is uncommon. Elderly people are most prone to develop it when it does.
Gum swelling could be a sign of viral or fungal diseases. Herpes can cause acute herpetic gingivostomatitis, which causes swollen gums.
Thrush, which is brought on by an excess of naturally occurring yeast in the mouth, can also cause gum swelling. Untreated dental decay can lead to a dental abscess, a small-scale gum infection that requires dental care.

How to Decrease Gum Inflammation
Keep your teeth and braces clean first and foremost as this is the best way to prevent or decrease swollen gums. We suggest the following:
a special orthodontic head that you use for two minutes, twice day, or longer if your gums are particularly inflamed, and an electric toothbrush with a timer that alerts you when you’re done brushing.
Use a floss threader and interproximal brushes to clean around and beneath the wires.
Using a water flosser, such as a Waterpik, to eliminate food residue from the gums is also very effective.
After that, rinse your mouth out with Listerine or another daily antibacterial mouthwash that contains fluoride, such as ACT. To lessen inflammation, you can also, at your discretion, mix a half teaspoon of salt with warm water.
If you’re unsure or have more detailed inquiries, any member of our staff at our Memphis, Germantown, or Collierville offices may give a demonstration on how to use any of these orthodontic tools. Remember to brush your teeth after every meal to avoid swollen gums and the dreaded spinach in your braces episode after lunch.
Furthermore, some bad habits may make your gums more painful and swollen. Stop doing things like biting your lip or nail when you’re stressed out about an exam, chewing on your pen during class, and rubbing your tongue against your teeth when you’re studying in order to relieve pressure on your painful gums. We know you’ll ace your classes despite not having to put your gums through all that stress, so don’t worry.

Alternative Treatment for Gum Inflammation
We can go over alternative solutions with you if you suffer severe problems with swollen gums even after following these suggestions or if you are still thinking about getting braces but are worried about swollen gums. Invisalign is a choice for preventing swollen gums because it is removable and makes it much easier to keep your teeth and gums clean.
Any patients who are experiencing swollen gums should contact us. Contact us whenever you need advice tailored to your particular circumstance. If you’re still unsure whether to get braces or Invisalign, call our Memphis office right now to set up a free consultation.

What if your gums are swollen because of periodontal disease?
Aggressive periodontal disease is occasionally the cause of swollen gums. The referral to see a periodontist for specialized care may accompany a suspension of orthodontic therapy. Moving teeth with braces or Invisalign is more difficult and frequently produces less satisfying outcomes when gum disease is present. analyzing any bone loss, looking at receding and swollen gums, and perhaps wiping out the bacteria from under the gums.

If periodontal disease has been treated, orthodontic treatment can be resumed safely. You will need to see the dentist or periodontist more frequently than the average patient if there is a potential of a recurrence so that it may be watched both during and after your orthodontic treatment.

How can I prevent the swelling of my gums?
You can take some preventative measures, such as maintaining proper oral hygiene and following a balanced diet, to avoid having swollen gums.
tooth care
Brush and floss frequently, especially after meals. Every six months, go to the dentist for a cleaning. Be sure to report any other symptoms you may be experiencing. For instance, certain medical conditions or prescription medications may cause dry mouth, which might increase your risk of plaque and tartar formation.
You can also talk to a dentist about mouthwashes and toothpastes to see whether they can support healthy gums.
Long-term stress may increase the risk of gum disease, according to several studies.
In addition to these consequences, stress can also make gum problems worse and reduce the effectiveness of treatments.
Stress management may prevent swollen gums and improve dental health. A few simple and effective methods for lowering stress include deep breathing techniques, yoga, and meditation.
different toothpastes
By reducing tooth sensitivity, relaxing gum inflammation, preventing enamel erosion, and reducing tartar formation, some toothpastes may help maintain good oral health.
The American Dental Association suggests avoiding toothpaste with sugar or other flavorings that can contribute to tooth decay and instead opting for fluoride-containing toothpaste.
Make sure to brush your teeth twice a day with toothpaste and floss frequently to preserve healthy gums.
remedies for swollen gums at home
Try one of these straightforward home cures to lessen gum swelling:
A saltwater rinse can lessen gum inflammation and promote healing, per a 2016 study.
Use a saltwater solution made of 8 ounces of warm water and 1 teaspoon of salt to rinse your mouth for 30 seconds.
Rather than swallowing it, just spit it out.
Till the swelling goes down, repeat this procedure two or three times every day.

compressed air that is both hot and cold
Cold or hot compresses can be used to the gums to minimize swelling and relieve pain.
Instructions: A clean washcloth or towel should be wrung out after soaking in warm water.
For about five minutes, press the warm cloth against your face, keeping it away from your mouth and gums.
For about five minutes, hold a bag of crushed ice against your face while covering it with a clean washcloth or towel.
The warm/cold cycle should be extended by two to three additional times.
Repeat this process two to three times each day for the first two days following the discovery of sore gums.

turmeric gel
An ingredient in turmeric called curcumin has anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. According to a 2015 study, turmeric gel may aid in the prevention of plaque and gingivitis. Gingivitis frequently results in gum inflammation.
After brushing your teeth, rinse your mouth with clean water by following these instructions.
Apply turmeric gel to your gums to cure them.
Allow the gel to seep into your gums for around 10 minutes.
Rinse your mouth with cool water to get rid of the gel.
Rather than swallowing it, just spit it out.
Do this twice per day until the swelling goes down.

radical hydroxyls
According to the Indiana State Department of Health, red, sore, or swollen gums should be thoroughly cleaned with a water and hydrogen peroxide solution using only food grade, 3 percent hydrogen peroxide solution.
Combine 3 tablespoons of 3% hydrogen peroxide with 3 teaspoons of water.
Swish the liquid about your mouth for around 30 seconds.
Rather than swallowing it, just spit it out.
Up till the swelling goes away, repeat this procedure two to three times per week.

Effective substances
According to a 2013 article in the European Journal of Dentistry, peppermint, tea tree, and thyme oil help prevent the growth of disease-causing bacteria in the mouth.
Three drops of tea tree, thyme, or peppermint essential oil should be added to eight ounces of warm water.
To rinse it, swish the fluid around in your mouth for about 30 seconds.
Rather than swallowing it, just spit it out.
Do this twice per day until the swelling goes down.

a. l. v.
An article published in the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry in 2016 found that aloe vera mouthwash and the prescription gingivitis drug chlorhexidine are equally effective at treating and preventing gingivitis.
Gargle with 2 tablespoons of aloe vera mouthwash.
Rather than swallowing it, just spit it out.
Perform these two times each day for ten days.

The outcome
Gum swelling is to be expected when you first get braces installed.
Additionally, the gums may swell and become sore once the braces are tightened.
If you have braces, maintaining your teeth could be more challenging. However, poor dental hygiene habits can cause gum disease, which also causes the gums to grow. This can be avoided by regularly brushing, flossing, and rinsing.