Stem cells treatment for knees

What is stem cell treatment?

When it comes to treating orthopedic disorders, stem cell therapy, also known as orthobiologic treatment, is a form of medical treatment that uses stem cells and growth factors to relieve pain.

Most cells in the human body have only one function. A red blood cell, for example, cannot perform the same function as a skin cell. Stem cells, on the other hand, are a unique type of cell that has the ability to differentiate into some other type of cell in the body, such as a liver cell or a heart muscle cell. That means they can do a wide range of tasks.

Scientists have been able to use stem cells to help some patients repair damaged tissue in some labs. Although the success has so far been confined to the lab, Dr. Murphy says doctors are still investigating if it can be used to help ordinary patients’ regenerate damaged tissue. That’s because we still don’t know a lot about stem cells and how they can be used to function in various parts of the body.

Scientists aren’t sure whether or how stem cell therapy will help patients regrow damaged cartilage or bone density, which is thought to be at the root of many knee problems. We do know, however, that patients with knee pain can benefit from treatment.

What is stem cell therapy for knee pain?

If you’ve heard about the controversy surrounding stem cell sourcing, you may be wary of them. While some stem cells are derived from donated blastocysts (early-stage embryos) as young as a few days old, these are not used for orthobiologic care.

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Instead, stem cells from adult patients’ own bone marrow and other tissues are more widely used in orthobiologic treatment for knee pain.

A doctor will take stem cell samples from other areas of the body and reimplant them into an infected region during treatment. This can include extracting cells from bone marrow or fat tissue and injecting them into knee joints to treat knee pain.

Before beginning treatment, the doctor will still explore the source of your stem cells with you, and he or she will never inject you with something you don’t like.

Is stem cell therapy effective?

Although stem cell therapy can help with pain, it is not a cure-all for any disease or disorder. Any physician or clinic claiming that stem cell therapy can fully cure or repair an orthopedic disorder should be avoided.

Just a few diseases have been approved for stem cell treatment by the FDA as of 2020, including certain cancers and blood disorders. However, for orthopedic purposes, reinjecting a patient’s own stem cells back into their body is allowed.

Orthobiologic therapy relieves discomfort and stiffness caused by knee injuries or osteoarthritis in many patients. In certain patients, it can also be a viable alternative to knee replacement surgery. Orthobiologic injections have been shown to minimize knee pain in patients by up to 75%, according to some evidence, which was backed up by a follow-up review.

Stem cells treatment for knees

What are the possible advantages and disadvantages?

Orthobiologic treatment and stem cell therapy are also developing medical areas. We also have a lot to learn about their applications, advantages, and disadvantages. We don’t know whether it helps in cartilage regeneration or the healing of spinal cord injuries.

Despite this, many patients find orthobiologic therapy to be beneficial for their knee pain, even though it does not reverse bone or cartilage loss, according to Dr. Murphy. Any of the advantages may include:

  • Osteoarthritis or previous injuries cause less discomfort.
  • Joint stiffness is reduced.
  • Reduced reliance on pain relievers
  • Mobility has improved.

The vast majorities of patients who undergo stem cell treatment for knee pain recover well and have little or no side effects. However, it’s important to be aware of the possible drawbacks:

  • Bacterial infection risk
  • At the injection site, there may be redness, discomfort, and/or swelling.
  • For certain patients, it may be unsuccessful.

Before you undergo any injections, your doctor can thoroughly explore the benefits and drawbacks of this procedure with you. Because of some risk factors, some patients may not be eligible.


Despite contradictory research on whether stem cell injections are effective, several clinics offer them as a treatment choice for arthritic knee pain.

Since stem cell therapy for arthritic knee pain is still called “investigational” by the FDA, it is not yet standardized, and physicians and clinics can charge whatever they want.

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The treatment can be expensive, costing thousands of dollars per knee, and most insurance providers do not cover it.

Stem cells treatment for knees


Stem cell therapy for osteoarthritic knee pain is also being researched. Some studies have shown positive results, and it could one day be recognized as a therapeutic alternative. For the time being, it is expensive, and experts are cautiously positive.

stem cells treatment for knees