prostate cancer in dogs

Prostate Cancer In Dogs: Symptoms, Causes, & Treatments

Prostate cancer in dogs is a rare but dangerous cancer that can quickly spread to other organs and parts of the body, including the lungs, bones, and lymph nodes.It can affect spayed and non-neutered male dogs of any type, but it is more common in large breeds and dogs over the age of nine or ten.

The prostate is a gland that aids in the creation of sperm and is placed behind the bladder and below the rectum.When tumors in the prostate grow large enough, they can impose pressure on nearby organs, causing a range of symptoms.The most common type of the Problem is adenocarcinoma, which is extremely aggressive.

Adenocarcinoma symptoms might be confused with those of other cancers, making it difficult to determine which type of cancer a dog is suffering from.Other cancers that can affect the prostate include carcinoma, fibrosarcoma, leiomyosarcoma, and squamous cell carcinoma.

If you see symptoms of prostate cancer in your dog, call your veterinarian soon away so they can make an accurate diagnosis and begin treatment.Here’s what you should know about prostate cancer in dogs, including symptoms, causes, and treatments.

Symptoms :

As the disease advances, the symptoms of prostate cancer in dogs can appear gradually.Because of the prostate’s near proximity to the urinary tract and the rectum, urination and defecation are frequently affected.

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Prostate cancer symptoms in dogs can range from mild to severe, but they usually include one or more of the following:

    • Straining to urinate or defecate
    • Decreased urination
    • Incontinence
    • Constipation
    • Blood in urine
    • Pain, especially around the area of the prostate
    • Holding the tail in unusual positions
    • Scooting the anus

  • Ribbon-like stool
  • Abnormal posture or gait
  • Hunched back
  • Loss of appetite
  • Weight loss
  • Fever
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Watery or bloody discharge from the penis
  • Lameness
  • Lethargy
  • Reluctance to move or exercise


Causes :

The causes of prostate cancer in dogs remain unknown.Idiopathic refers to a condition when the reason is unknown, which is most of the time the case.

Prostate cancer can also be caused by hormonal imbalance.Larger breed dogs are more susceptible to prostate cancer, which can affect both intact and neutered males.

Although adenocarcinoma is expected to be more common in neutered dogs, other precancerous prostate diseases, such as benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), are more common in dogs that have not been neutered.


Diagnosis :

The disease in dogs can be difficult to diagnose because the symptoms are similar to those of other cancers or even less dangerous illnesses like urinary tract infections.It is possible that it will go untreated until it has progressed to an advanced stage and has begun to spread.

Palpitations and a physical examination are used by veterinarians to assess prostate health, especially in older individuals.They can generally discover prostate gland abnormalities or tumors in the abdomen.

Urinalysis, contrast X-rays, ultrasound imaging, and biopsies are some of the diagnostics that may be performed.

If the prostate is enlarged or has polyps, cysts, or tumors, an ultrasound can assist.Because it is impossible to establish whether the tumor is malignant without a biopsy of the rectal wall, veterinarians frequently do one.This assists them in determining whether the tumor is malignant and what type of cancer it is.

X-rays can be used to determine whether the cancer has spread to other parts of the body.


Treatment :

Surgery to remove the prostate gland may be a successful and possibly curative therapy option for dogs with the disease.It’s risky, though, and only possible if the cancer hasn’t spread to other parts of the body.

The cancer metastasizes quickly, so most dogs aren’t candidates for surgery.In most cases, neutering is ineffective in the treatment of the disease.

A combination of NSAIDs, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy is the most common and effective treatment for prostate cancer in dogs.This can add 20 months to a person’s life expectancy.

For dogs with prostate cancer, surgery to remove the prostate gland may be a successful and perhaps curative treatment option.However, it is dangerous and only achievable if the cancer has not progressed to other parts of the body.

Because the disease spreads quickly, most dogs aren’t surgical candidates.Neutering is usually ineffective in the treatment of the disease.

The most common and effective treatment for prostate cancer in dogs is a combination of NSAIDs, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy.This can increase a person’s life expectancy by 20 months.

prostate cancer in dogs

Mayo Clinic