Micro valve prolapse treatment

What is mitral valve prolapse?

On the left side of the heart, you have two chambers: the left atrium and the left ventricle. The mitral valve, which sits between the two, is built to allow blood to flow from the left atrium to the left ventricle but not the other way around.

Mitral valve prolapse (MVP), also known as Barlow’s syndrome, is a condition in which the flaps of the mitral valve do not close properly. The valve instead bulges into the atrium. This may result in mitral valve regurgitation, which occurs when the prolapsed valve allows blood to leak back into the left atrium.

According to the American Heart Association, only about 2% of Americans have mitral valve prolapse. Severe complications are rare in these cases. The majority of the time, people with MVP have no signs and it has no effect on their everyday lives.

What are risk factors for mitral valve prolapse?

Experts are baffled as to what causes MVP. The majority of people are born with the defects that cause the disease. Mitral valve flaps that are too heavy, thick, or stretchy are examples.

According to the Cleveland Clinic, MVP is most frequently found in women. It’s even more common in people who were born with connective tissue disorders (collagen, ligaments, tendons, and so on).

MVP runs in families, so if your parents or other relatives have it, you’re more likely to have it as well.

Mitral valve prolapse can be caused by a variety of factors. There are some of them:

  • scoliosis, or curvature of the spine
  • adult polycystic kidney disease, a genetic condition in which large cysts interfere with kidney function
  • connective tissue problems such as Marfan’s syndrome, a genetic condition that affects the connective tissue of the skeletal and cardiovascular systems, eyes, and skin

What are the signs and symptoms of a prolapsed mitral valve?

Many people with mitral valve prolapse are unaware that they have heart issues because the disease sometimes causes no symptoms.

If you do experience symptoms, they will most likely be minor. Rather than being sudden, the onset of symptoms is usually slow and gradual.

When signs do appear, they can include the following:

  • cough
  • dizziness
  • fatigue and tiredness
  • shortness of breath, especially during exercise or when lying flat

You can also develop migraines (repeated headaches that may cause nausea) or feel chest pain. This discomfort is not caused by the reduced blood supply to the heart muscle that occurs during a heart attack. It’s possible that your pulse is rapid or erratic.

How is mitral valve prolapse diagnosed?

Before making a decision, the doctor will usually conduct a series of tests to get a deeper understanding of your heart.

When your doctor listens to your heart with a stethoscope, he or she can most likely detect MVP. When your heart beats, it can make a clicking sound if you have the disease. When you’re up, this sound is normally more audible. Hearing this click can prompt your doctor to issue an order.

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An X-ray or an echocardiogram might be ordered by your doctor. Both tests produce images of your heart, but the echocardiogram provides more structural information. If you have MVP or regurgitation, the doctor will examine the photos and see if you have it. Your doctor can also perform a heart catheterization depending on your condition. A dye (visible on X-rays) is inserted into the arteries of the patient during this procedure.

To see how your heart reacts, your doctor can ask you to walk on a treadmill or engage in some other physical activity. This is referred to as a stress test. An electrocardiogram (ECG) is a test that looks for abnormalities in your heartbeat. It’s a snapshot of the heart’s electrical activity for a few seconds. This can aid in the diagnosis of mitral valve prolapse or other heart conditions by your doctor.

What is the treatment for mitral valve prolapse?

Mitral valve prolapse does not always necessitate treatment. If you have obvious symptoms, however, your doctor can decide to treat you.

Medications are often used as part of treatment to help alleviate any symptoms you may be having. The following are examples of medications that your doctor may prescribe:

  • aspirin to reduce the risk of blood clots
  • beta blockers to prevent your heart from beating irregularly and to improve blood flow
  • blood thinners to prevent blood clots
  • diuretics to remove excess fluid from the lungs
  • vasodilators to widen the blood vessels and improve blood flow

You may need surgery if the condition is more extreme, such as if you have heavy regurgitation or poor heart function. Valve replacement and valve repair are the two most common forms of surgery for this problem. If at all necessary, the doctor can patch the valve.

If repair is not possible, the valve may be replaced with a man-made mechanical valve or a biological valve obtained from a cow or pig or produced from human tissue. Both types of valves have advantages and disadvantages, so your doctor can discuss your choices with you before the operation.

Micro valve prolapse treatment

Micro valve prolapse treatment

Micro valve prolapse treatment