Macular degeneration treatment breakthroughs

Macular degeneration is a leading cause of vision loss, and it is currently incurable Researchers are, however, working hard to figure out what causes macular degeneration, and many new treatments have recently been introduced.






Doctors will also use a different form of lens to aid patients with macular degeneration. This lens magnifies images until they enter the optic nerve, giving patients better vision. ┬áSome forms of macular degeneration may benefit from vitamin therapy, but customers should make sure they’re getting their vitamins from a reputable source.

Some forms of macular degeneration may be treated with injectable drugs, although these injections must be performed regularly. Another way to slow the progression of certain types of macular degeneration is to combine opioid therapy with laser therapy.

Researchers are now testing the use of stem cells to support certain macular degeneration patients, but further study is needed before this procedure can be prescribed to all.

TREATMENT BREAKTHROUGHS FOR MACULAR DEGENERATION

Surgery with Lens Replacement

During surgery, surgeons implant a new lens that can magnify the field of vision, according to Mayo Clinic. When viewing a picture without turning the head, the eye may use healthy sections of the macula. More retinal cells are exposed to the light passing into the eye, which helps undamaged cells to take over for their damaged counterparts.

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This surgery isn’t meant to stop macular degeneration from progressing, but it does make life easier for those who have it. People can only see a black hole where a face should be before surgery, according to writers writing in Vision Aware. They will be able to see eyes and a nose on the face in front of them after surgery. Although the change may be minor, it may encourage the individual to recognize others.






As researchers writing in Graefe’s Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology point out, more research is needed before these lenses can be recommended for all. There is no real data on how well the lenses perform over time because they are so fresh. It’s unclear if complications, such as an infection, last for years after surgery.

Treatment with Vitamins

The macula is made up of delicate tissues that need a combination of nutrients to remain healthy. An ideal diet can help provide those cells with the nutrients they need, but many people simply do not consume enough of the right kinds of foods to keep their eyes healthy. Vitamin supplements may be able to help bridge the gap.

According to the National Eye Institute (NEI), two major studies on the correlation between vitamins and macular degeneration have been completed. The first, which ended in 2001, helped scientists to develop a vitamin formula. The second, completed in 2013, contained vitamin formulation improvements. NEI’s latest dosage recommendation is as follows:

  • Vitamin C: 500 mg
  • Vitamin E: 400 IU
  • Zinc oxide: 80 mg
  • Lutein: 10 mg
  • Copper: 2 mg
  • Zeaxanthin: 2 mg

Drugs that inhibit the development of VEGF

Doctors may use treatments to either remove or monitor the blood vessels developing under the eye in people with the wet type of macular degeneration. Anti-VEGF medications are one form of treatment.

According to the American Academy of Ophthalmology, physicians inject the medication into the eye’s tissues with a very small needle. Patients aren’t in any pain since the eye is numbed before the operation. It can be undertaken as an outpatient procedure, allowing patients to return home the same day.

The drug used in this therapy was initially created to aid cancer patients. Cancer cells require a large amount of blood to develop. The chemical VEGF is required for the growth of blood vessels. The drug prevents the development of VEGF.

As this medication is used to treat wet macular degeneration, it prevents fresh, abnormal blood vessels from growing under the macula of the eye, which can lead to blindness.

Implanting Stem Cells

In addition, doctors are testing the use of stem cells to help with macular degeneration. A stem cell is a type of undifferentiated cell that can transform into any type of cell in the body. Doctors are searching for ways to use these cells to either replace or repair macular degeneration-causing cells.

Doctors line stem cells on a supportive structure and surgically insert the structure into the retina of the eye, according to one type of therapy defined by Healthline. Those stem cells mature into new retinal tissue over time, blending in with the existing tissue. Early findings, according to the researcher quoted in this report, were positive, as people seemed to handle the surgery well.






Researchers discuss taking stem cells from people’s bodies and using them on a supportive structure implanted into the eye in a second study published in the New England Journal of Medicine. Rather than depending on embryonic stem cells, which some may find unsettling, these researchers used people’s own bodies to assist them in seeing more clearly. One year after the treatment, conduct a follow-up study.

It’s worth noting that both of these studies were limited, and further research is needed to see how well this works in a larger community. However, the preliminary findings are very promising.

Macular degeneration treatment breakthroughs

MayoClinic

Macular degeneration treatment breakthroughs