Hep b positive treatment

What is hepatitis B?

Hepatitis B (also referred to as hep B or HBV) is a hepatitis virus that attacks the liver. It can be transmitted by unprotected intercourse (sex without the use of a condom or dental dam), infected needles, and from a pregnant woman to her baby during delivery.

If you inject drugs, work as a sex worker, have sex with men, change partners regularly, are in close contact with someone who has chronic hepatitis B, or if your profession exposes you to the virus, such as a nurse, you might be more at risk of contracting hepatitis B.







Infants are regularly given hepatitis B vaccines. Adults that are at a greater risk of contracting hepatitis B are also at risk.

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Hepatitis B does not always cause symptoms and will go away without treatment after a few months (acute infection). People may also have a lifelong infection (chronic), which can become more severe and lead to liver damage or death if not treated properly.

What are the hepatitis B symptoms?

Hepatitis B affects a large number of people who have no symptoms. If you do develop symptoms, it can take two to three months for you to detect them, and they may last up to three months. Acute and chronic infections are the two forms of infections.

Acute (or short-term) symptoms include:

  • flu-like symptoms, including tiredness, fever and aches and pains
  • feeling and/or being sick
  • loss of weight/appetite
  • diarrhoea
  • tummy (abdominal) pain
  • jaundice, meaning your skin and the whites of your eyes turn yellow
  • dark urine (pee)
  • pale faeces (poo).

People who are unable to fight off acute infection after six months, such as infants, young children, and HIV-positive people, may develop chronic hepatitis B. This is when people are more susceptible to liver failure, liver disease, and liver cancer.

Causes and Risk Factors for Hepatitis B

Hepatitis B is caused by the hepatitis B virus, which can be transmitted from person to person in a variety of ways. Even if you don’t feel sick, you will spread the hepatitis B virus.

The following are the most common ways to contract hepatitis B:

    • It’s all about the sex. If you have unprotected intercourse with someone who has it and their blood, saliva, semen, or vaginal secretions touch your body, you may contract it.
    • Sharing needles is a good idea. The virus is easily transmitted by contaminated needles and syringes.




  • Inadvertent needle sticks. This is how health-care professionals and those who come into contact with human blood get it.
  • Child to mother.
  • Hepatitis B can be passed on to babies by pregnant women who have the virus. However, there is a vaccine available to protect newborns from infection.

Kissing, sharing food or drink, using shared utensils, coughing or sneezing, or touching may not transmit hepatitis B.

Diagnosis

Your doctor will check you for signs of liver damage such as yellowing skin or abdominal pain. The following tests will aid in the diagnosis of hepatitis B or its complications:

  • Blood tests. Blood tests will detect hepatitis B virus symptoms in your body and tell your doctor whether you have acute or chronic hepatitis B. A simple blood test will also tell you whether or not you’re resistant to the disease.
  • Ultrasound of the liver. Transient elastography, a form of ultrasound, may reveal the extent of liver damage.
  • A biopsy of the liver is performed. To check for liver damage, your doctor can take a small sample of your liver for testing (liver biopsy). A thin needle is inserted through your skin and into your liver during this procedure, and a tissue sample is taken for laboratory examination.

Treatment

Infection with acute hepatitis B

Acute hepatitis B has no specific treatment, and most people recover in one to two months. Symptoms can usually be managed at home with painkillers if necessary. Regular blood tests and physical examinations should be recommended by your healthcare provider. The majority of people who have acute hepatitis B recover completely.

Hepatitis B infection that has been present for a long time

If you develop chronic hepatitis B, you will be treated to reduce the risk of liver cancer and permanent liver damage. Chronic hepatitis B is not curable, and most people who begin treatment must continue for the rest of their lives.

Chronic hepatitis B can cause scarring of the liver (cirrhosis), which can cause the liver to stop functioning properly if not treated. A small number of people with cirrhosis develop liver cancer, and these complications can lead to death. Other than a liver transplant, there is no cure for cirrhosis. However, treatments can help relieve some of the symptoms.




Who Should Get the Hepatitis B Vaccine?

All newborn babies should get vaccinated. You should also get the shot if you:

  • Come in contact with infected blood or body fluids of friends or family members
  • Use needles to take recreational drugs
  • Have sex with more than one person
  • Are a health care worker
  • Work in a day-care center, school, or jail

Is Hepatitis B a Curable Disease?

Hepatitis B has no known cure. However, it usually goes away in a few months, and it can even go away in people with a chronic case of the disease.

Hep b positive treatment

Hep b positive treatment

 

Hep b positive treatment

Mayo Clinic