Enlarged heart treatment diet

What is an enlarged heart?







An enlarged heart (cardiomegaly) is a condition in which the heart is larger than it should be. If the muscle in your heart thickens or the chambers expand, the heart will become swollen.

A condition isn’t caused by an enlarged muscle. Cardiomyopathy, heart valve defects, or elevated blood pressure are all symptoms of a heart disease or illness that makes the heart work harder.

A heart that is swollen can’t pump blood as effectively as a heart that isn’t enlarged. This can result in complications such as heart failure and stroke.

What are the signs and symptoms?

An enlarged heart can go unnoticed for a long time. When signs do appear, they can include the following:

  • Breathing problems
  • An abnormal heart rhythm (arrhythmia)
  • Fluid buildup causes swelling in the legs and ankles (edema)
  • Exhaustion
  • A feeling of nausea

The following are signs of a medical emergency:

  • chest discomfort
  • You’re having trouble holding your breath
  • Aches and pains in the arms, back, spine, or jaw
  • Fainting

Causes of an enlarged heart

Your heart will swell as a result of a congenital disorder or a heart disease that develops over time.

An enlarged heart can be caused by any condition that makes your heart work harder to pump blood through your body. Your heart expands in the same way as the muscles in your arms and legs expand when you exercise them.

Ischemic heart disease and high blood pressure are the most common causes of an enlarged heart. Ischemic heart disease occurs when fatty deposits in your arteries block your arteries, preventing blood from reaching your heart.

Other factors that can cause the heart to swell are:

Cardiomyopathy

Cardiomyopathy is a form of heart disease that progresses over time. The heart muscle will swell as a result of diseases that harm it. The heart gets weaker and less able to pump as more damage occurs.

Heart valve disease

The valves that keep blood pumping in the right direction through your heart can be damaged by infections, connective tissue diseases, and certain drugs. The heart haemorrhages as blood flows backwards.

Heart attack

Blood supply to a portion of the heart is completely blocked during a heart attack. The heart muscle suffers from a lack of oxygen-rich blood.

Thyroid disease

Thyroid disease is a condition that affects the thyroid gland .Hormones produced by the thyroid gland control the body’s metabolism. Thyroid hormone overproduction (hyperthyroidism) and underproduction (hypothyroidism) may affect heart rate, blood pressure, and heart size.

Irregular heart rhythm (arrhythmia)



Irregular heart rhythm (arrhythmia) occurs when the heart flutters or beats too slowly or too rapidly instead of beating in the familiar lub-dub sequence. Blood will back up in the heart due to an abnormal heart rhythm, causing muscle damage.

Who is at increased risk?

If you’re at risk for heart disease, you’re more likely to develop cardiomegaly. The following are some of the risk factors:

  • high blood pressure
  • obesity
  • sedentary lifestyle
  • parent or sibling with an enlarged heart
  • past heart attack
  • metabolic disorders, like thyroid disease
  • heavy or excessive drug or alcohol us

What is the procedure for diagnosing it?

Your doctor will begin by performing a physical examination and discussing your symptoms with you. A variety of measures can be used to examine the structure and function of your heart. Since a chest X-ray will reveal if your heart is swollen, it could be the first test your doctor performs.

  • Echocardiogram (ECG or EKG) uses sound waves to search for issues in the heart’s chambers. Electrocardiogram measures the electrical activity in your heart. It can detect ischemia and an abnormal heart rhythm.
  • Blood tests look for substances in your blood that are created by conditions like thyroid disease, which cause an enlarged heart.
  • A stress test entails walking on a treadmill or pedaling a stationary bike while having your heart rate and breathing tracked. It will tell you how hard your heart is working when you’re exercising.
  • X-rays are used in computerized tomography (CT) scans to create accurate images of the heart and other chest structures. It may aid in the detection of valve disease or inflammation.
  • Strong magnets and radio waves are used to create images of the heart in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).

How is it treated?

Your doctor will recommend a treatment plan for the disease that’s triggering your swollen heart. Consider the following scenario:




  • narrowed coronary arteries: percutaneous coronary intervention, coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), and nitrates
  • heart failure: diureticsbeta-blockers, inotropes, and in a small minority of people, left ventricular assist device (LVAD)

Other treatments are available to correct congenital heart defects. You may need a heart transplant if you try a few therapies and they don’t work.

Home remedies and a healthy lifestyle

If you can’t cure the disease, there are ways to change it. The following lifestyle changes could be suggested by your doctor:

  • Stop smoking.
  • Lose excess weight.
  • Reduce the amount of salt in your diet.
  • Diabetes must be controlled.
  • Keep an eye on your blood pressure.
  • Get some light exercise after consulting with your doctor on the best physical activity program for you.
  • Alcohol should be avoided or avoided entirely.

What are the potential complications?

The heart muscle can be damaged by the conditions that cause cardiomegaly. If left untreated, they may lead to complications. This contains the following:

  • Heart failure is a serious condition. Heart failure can occur when the left ventricle enlarges. The heart is then unable to pump enough blood to the rest of the body.
  • Clots in the blood. Blood can pool and clump together into clots when the heart isn’t pumping as well as it should. A blood clot may travel to the brain and become lodged in a blood vessel, leading to a stroke.
  • A murmur in the heart. When valves in your heart don’t close properly, they create an abnormal sound called a murmur.
  • Cardiac arrest is a condition in which the heart stops beating. Your heart may not receive enough blood if it is enlarged, which can lead to cardiac arrest. The heart will stop functioning properly, resulting in sudden death.

What can you do to avoid this problem?

It’s possible that you won’t be able to avoid problems that arise before birth. However, you will protect your heart from future harm that might cause it to swell by doing the following:

    • Consuming a diet rich in fruits and vegetables, lean meat, fish, low-fat dairy, and whole grains that is heart-healthy
    • Salt, as well as saturated and trans fats, should be avoided.
    • Tobacco and alcohol abstinence
    • Most days of the week doing aerobic and strength-training workouts
  • Regularly monitor your blood pressure and cholesterol levels, and work with your doctor to reduce them if they’re too big.

Daily checkups with your doctor are also recommended to ensure that your heart is in good working order. You will also need to see a cardiologist if you have a heart condition.

Enlarged heart treatment diet

]Enlarged heart treatment diet

Enlarged heart treatment diet

 

Enlarged heart treatment diet