Are bananas good for diabetics

The flexibility and great nutritional value of the banana are well known. Bananas are a healthful fruit, but due to their high sugar content, they are frequently viewed as unhealthy.
Banana eating by diabetics appears to be seen differently by different persons. Due to its high sugar content, some claim it is inappropriate for diabetics, but others vouch for its beneficial influence on blood sugar levels.

Banana Nutritional Values

The USDA estimates that 100 grams of bananas contain,

Water: 74.9 grams.

• Calories: 89 Kcal

• 1.09 g of protein

• Fat in total: 0.33 g

• 22.8 g of carbohydrates.

• 2.6 g of fiber

• 5.38 g of starch

• 5 mg of calcium

• 0.26 mg iron

• 27 mg of magnesium

• 22 mg phosphorus

• 358 milligrams of potassium

One medium banana has 420 milligrams of potassium, 1.2 grams of protein, 27 grams of carbohydrates, 3 grams of dietary fiber, and 0 grams of fat.


The impact of bananas on blood sugar levels and diabetes:

Understanding the amount and type of carbs in your diet is crucial if you have diabetes. Carbohydrates cause a greater increase in blood sugar than other foods. Consequently, it has a big impact on how you manage your blood sugar. Your body starts producing insulin when your blood sugar levels increase without diabetes.

A hormone called insulin is secreted, assisting the body’s cells in absorbing glucose from the blood. Unfortunately, it doesn’t work in people with diabetes because their ability to produce insulin is hindered or because their cells don’t respond to insulin. Without effective diabetes care, diabetics may have blood sugar increases after consuming highly harmful high-carbohydrate diets.

A medium-sized banana has roughly 27 grams of relatively high carbs, according to the USDA. Bananas do, however, also contain roughly 3 grams of nutritional fiber. A study found that fiber aids in reducing the rate at which carbohydrates are absorbed. In turn, it lessens blood spikes and generally aids in controlling blood sugar. The glycemic index and glycemic load of bananas are therefore better indicators of how they will affect blood sugar levels.

Are bananas High Glycemic Index Foods?

The glycemic index (GI), which evaluates blood sugar levels after consuming a certain food, is used to determine whether or not a food is suitable for diabetics. For instance, a low GI score is one of 55 or less, indicating that the food won’t significantly elevate blood sugar levels.

The glycemic load (GL) is a more precise metric that takes into consideration both a food’s glycemic index and the quantity of carbs in a serving. A low GL is one with a score of 10 or less. Lower glycemic index foods are thought to be beneficial for diabetics, per a meta-analysis research.

Ripe bananas have a low GI of 51 and a medium GL of 13, according to a study. Let’s examine why a low glycemic index results in a greater glycemic load score. It is because bananas have a larger carbohydrate content, which raises the glycemic load. However, bananas that are high in carbohydrates act as resistant starch, which has properties akin to dietary fiber.


Less glucose is released into the bloodstream as a result of resistant starch since it doesn’t degrade in the small intestine. It consequently results in a reduced glycemic index. Resistant starch may also aid in feeding the gut commensals, which enhances metabolic health and better blood sugar control, claims a study. Additionally, research suggests that resistant starch may help diabetics because it increases insulin sensitivity.

The ripeness of a banana affects how many carbs it contains. Unripe or green bananas have more resistant starch and less sugar. Their glycemic load is 11, and they also have a lower glycemic index of 42. As a result, unripe bananas are preferable to ripe bananas.


Can a diabetic person eat bananas?

Like many fruits, bananas have sugar and other ingredients that are bad for diabetes. They do, however, come with a package of fiber, potassium, vitamins, and other nutritional benefits, unlike processed foods (candy, cakes, and sweets). Therefore, the answer to the question, “Can diabetic patient eat banana?” is yes. There are several requirements, nevertheless, that must be met. Let’s examine the variables that need to be taken into account.

The amount of carbohydrates and sugar in a banana varies depending on how ripe it is. Unripe bananas can also be used in a variety of dishes. Bananas that have fully ripened contain less resistant starch, which functions like fiber. Additionally, they have a higher glycemic index, which raises blood sugar. More resistant starch, which can help you control your blood sugar levels, is present in green bananas. Additionally, they are beneficial for enhancing the body’s metabolic and intestinal health. What does this mean for the next time someone inquires about raw bananas and diabetes? You may claim it is.

Control your portions. It goes without saying that the more bananas you eat, the more sugar you’ll consume. This means that you must take into account both your daily intake of carbohydrates and sugar.

Eat them in little portions; avoid eating the entire serving of bananas at once. Your sugar levels could rise as a result. Spreading it out throughout the day will allow you to reap the benefits of bananas while maintaining stable blood sugar levels.

Combine them with other foods — When you eat a banana alone, your body gets all of its nutrients right away. You can combine sugar with other foods that don’t have a high GI and don’t include carbs to slow down the absorption of sugar. They can be included in a bowl of oats, eaten with yogurt, added to chia pudding, and other dishes. When you consume it with other foods, the body absorbs the sugar gradually, giving it time to metabolize it gradually.

Watch out for the preparation – Many businesses have promoted processed bananas as a nutritious snack. The problem is that they are frequently deep-fried, and one of the rules of diabetes is to stay away from saturated fats. Even if they aren’t baked goods and friends, they may still have extra sugars and other components that could damage the fruit’s quality. Bananas in cans should never be consumed because sugar serves as their main preservative. If you enjoy milkshakes and smoothies, stay away from eating them out because you cannot regulate how much sugar is added.

Body sensitivity – Although eating bananas in moderation is advised, it’s important to understand how sensitive your body is to insulin and sugar. Because of this, the answer to the common query, “Can bananas be eaten in diabetes,” varies. Depending on a variety of intricate circumstances, the sugar in bananas may react differently with various body types. Before consuming bananas if you have diabetes, it’s crucial to understand how your body reacts to them.


With all the information available, we can conclude that bananas may be suitable for diabetics because they enhance insulin sensitivity and assist to regulate blood sugar. However, it would be beneficial if you took the ripeness of the fruit and the serving size into account.

Because of its high glycemic index, bananas may cause blood sugar levels to rise when consumed in large quantities. Therefore, it is necessary to eat bananas in lesser quantities.


How many bananas can a diabetic person consume each day?

Given that diabetics can eat bananas, the next thing to think about is how many bananas a diabetic can ingest each day. The response to this is dependent on a few elements. Let’s look at it.

The weight of a banana varies from 18.5 to 35 grams. Bananas come in more than 6 different types, just in India. Each banana has a different weight and set of nutritional values. Therefore, it is only logical to wonder whether bananas are healthy for diabetes and, if so, which variety is best.

The glycemic load of one banana can range from 11 to 22 if it is fully ripe.

A 7 to 8 inch long banana typically has 26 grams of carbohydrates. It can give you 2 grams of fiber, 12% of your recommended daily intake of vitamin C, and 8% of your recommended daily intake of potassium. Additionally, potassium is a vital aid in controlling blood pressure.

The accurate response to the question “Are bananas good for diabetes?” is yes, however moderation in quantity and consideration of banana size are required.


Bananas and Blood Sugar Levels: What Effect?

Many individuals are curious if they can eat bananas if they have diabetes. This reluctance is caused by the idea that bananas have an impact on blood sugar levels. We must comprehend the procedure that takes place after we eat bananas in order to provide the correct response.

The glycemic index of bananas ranges from low to medium, and they are abundant in carbohydrates.

When you eat a ripe banana, the sugars are easily absorbed and your blood sugar levels may rise right away. Bananas are reputed to provide rapid energy because of this.

Bananas are mostly composed of carbohydrates and fiber. While carbohydrates are converted into simple sugars and add to a diabetic patient’s overall sugar consumption, fiber aids in biological processes.

You risk harmful spikes in your blood sugar if you eat it on an empty stomach or with other carbohydrates like toast or cereal. Small banana amounts are advised because of this.

Bananas come in a variety of sizes, yet we rarely just eat half of one and save the other half. This is the main justification for suggesting eating bananas twice or three times per week rather than everyday.

Because they are so high in potassium, they are the ideal fruit to feed someone who has lost electrolytes from diarrhea or vomiting. They are also simple for the body to digest.

One of the best methods to manage or reverse diabetes is to create a food plan for yourself. For diabetic people in particular, diet and exercise are crucial components of living a healthy lifestyle because failing to do so can result in serious health consequences. You might not get all the additional advantages of bananas if you don’t include them in your diet.


Resistant starch can be found in green (unripe) bananas.

Whether diabetics can consume bananas depends on how many carbohydrates they contain and how ripe they are. Unripe green bananas have a lower sugar content but a higher level of resistant starch. Long chains of glucose or starch that are resistant to digestion, particularly in the upper part of the digestive tract, are known as resistant starches. This would suggest that they function similarly to fibers, which slow down digestion and do not raise blood sugar levels. Unripe bananas may also support the body’s beneficial microorganisms by providing food for them. This is related to a better, healthier metabolic process that can help with blood sugar control.

Unripe bananas (resistant starch) are effective in the overall control of type 2 diabetes, according to studies. Additionally, these carbohydrates can lessen bodily inflammation and enhance overall insulin sensitivity. Resistant starch may play a role in type 1 diabetes, but this is unknown. Because yellow bananas have less resistant starch than green ones, they may breakdown more quickly, spiking blood sugar levels.


Diet and Safety Advice for Those Eating Bananas While Diabetic:

You do not have to quit eating bananas if you have diabetes and enjoy them. You can manage your HbA1c levels ideally by adhering to a few dietary recommendations that may prevent your blood sugar from rising quickly.

Pairing bananas with unsaturated fat sources like almonds, peanut butter, sunflower seeds, or walnuts is a healthy way to eat them. The body’s glucose levels may benefit from this, and the flavor of the fruit may also be enhanced. Greek yogurt is a good source of protein. Additionally, doing so may make you feel fuller for longer, which may speed up weight loss and boost blood sugar control.

Underripe banana: The digestion process is slowed down by the resistant starch (a form of fiber called pectin) found in green bananas. Better control of blood sugar may result from this.

Smaller bananas: The size of a banana’s portion is important. Your body will have to metabolize fewer carbs and your blood sugar levels will be less affected if you chose to consume a smaller banana. A medium banana has 35 grams of carbohydrates, compared to about 23 grams in a small banana.

After consulting with your medical team, you should decide on portion management and daily banana intake for diabetics.



A diabetic should consume a variety of fresh, whole foods, such as nutrient-rich fruits and vegetables, in their diet.

In moderation, as part of a healthy, tailored eating plan, bananas are a fruit that individuals with diabetes can eat that is both safe and nutritious.